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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-- Module      :  PSCi
-- Copyright   :  (c) Phil Freeman 2013
-- License     :  MIT
--
-- Maintainer  :  Phil Freeman <paf31@cantab.net>
-- Stability   :  experimental
-- Portability :
--
-- |
-- PureScript Compiler Interactive.
--
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

{-# LANGUAGE DataKinds #-}
{-# LANGUAGE DoAndIfThenElse #-}
{-# LANGUAGE FlexibleContexts #-}
{-# LANGUAGE GeneralizedNewtypeDeriving #-}
{-# LANGUAGE RecordWildCards #-}

module PSCi where

import Data.Foldable (traverse_)
import Data.List (intercalate, nub, sort)
import Data.Traversable (traverse)
import Data.Version (showVersion)
import qualified Data.Map as M

import Control.Applicative
import Control.Monad
import Control.Monad.IO.Class (MonadIO, liftIO)
import Control.Monad.Error.Class (throwError)
import Control.Monad.Except (ExceptT(..), MonadError, runExceptT)
import Control.Monad.Reader (MonadReader, ReaderT, runReaderT)
import Control.Monad.Trans.Class
import Control.Monad.Trans.Maybe (MaybeT(..), runMaybeT)
import Control.Monad.Trans.State.Strict
import qualified Control.Monad.Trans.State.Lazy as L

import Options.Applicative as Opts

import System.Console.Haskeline
import System.Directory (createDirectoryIfMissing, getModificationTime, doesFileExist, findExecutable, getHomeDirectory, getCurrentDirectory)
import System.Exit
import System.FilePath (pathSeparator, takeDirectory, (</>), isPathSeparator)
import System.IO.Error (tryIOError)
import System.Process (readProcessWithExitCode)

import qualified Text.Parsec as Par (ParseError)

import qualified Language.PureScript as P
import qualified Language.PureScript.Names as N
import qualified Paths_purescript as Paths

import qualified Directive as D
import Parser (parseCommand)
import Completion (completion)
import Types


-- File helpers
-- |
-- Load the necessary modules.
--
defaultImports :: [ImportedModule]
defaultImports = [(P.ModuleName [P.ProperName "Prelude"], P.Implicit, Nothing)]

-- |
-- Locates the node executable.
-- Checks for either @nodejs@ or @node@.
--
findNodeProcess :: IO (Maybe String)
findNodeProcess = runMaybeT . msum $ map (MaybeT . findExecutable) names
  where names = ["nodejs", "node"]

-- |
-- Grabs the filename where the history is stored.
--
getHistoryFilename :: IO FilePath
getHistoryFilename = do
  home <- getHomeDirectory
  let filename = home </> ".purescript" </> "psci_history"
  mkdirp filename
  return filename

-- |
-- Loads a file for use with imports.
--
loadModule :: FilePath -> IO (Either String [P.Module])
loadModule filename = do
  content <- readFile filename
  return $ either (Left . show) (Right . map snd) $ P.parseModulesFromFiles id [(filename, content)]

-- |
-- Load all modules, including the Prelude
--
loadAllModules :: [FilePath] -> IO (Either Par.ParseError [(Either P.RebuildPolicy FilePath, P.Module)])
loadAllModules files = do
  filesAndContent <- forM files $ \filename -> do
    content <- readFile filename
    return (Right filename, content)
  return $ P.parseModulesFromFiles (either (const "") id) $ (Left P.RebuildNever, P.prelude) : filesAndContent

-- |
-- Load all modules, updating the application state
--
loadAllImportedModules :: PSCI ()
loadAllImportedModules = do
  files <- PSCI . lift $ fmap psciImportedFilenames get
  modulesOrFirstError <- psciIO $ loadAllModules files
  case modulesOrFirstError of
    Left err -> psciIO $ print err
    Right modules -> PSCI . lift . modify $ \st -> st { psciLoadedModules = modules }

-- |
-- Expands tilde in path.
--
expandTilde :: FilePath -> IO FilePath
expandTilde ('~':p:rest) | isPathSeparator p = (</> rest) <$> getHomeDirectory
expandTilde p = return p
-- Messages

-- |
-- The help message.
--
helpMessage :: String
helpMessage = "The following commands are available:\n\n    " ++
  intercalate "\n    " (map line D.help) ++
  "\n\n" ++ extraHelp
  where
  line :: (Directive, String, String) -> String
  line (dir, arg, desc) =
    let cmd = ':' : D.stringFor dir
    in intercalate " "
        [ cmd
        , replicate (11 - length cmd) ' '
        , arg
        , replicate (11 - length arg) ' '
        , desc
        ]

  extraHelp =
    "Further information is available on the PureScript wiki:\n" ++
    " --> https://github.com/purescript/purescript/wiki/psci"


-- |
-- The welcome prologue.
--
prologueMessage :: String
prologueMessage = intercalate "\n"
  [ " ____                 ____            _       _   "
  , "|  _ \\ _   _ _ __ ___/ ___|  ___ _ __(_)_ __ | |_ "
  , "| |_) | | | | '__/ _ \\___ \\ / __| '__| | '_ \\| __|"
  , "|  __/| |_| | | |  __/___) | (__| |  | | |_) | |_ "
  , "|_|    \\__,_|_|  \\___|____/ \\___|_|  |_| .__/ \\__|"
  , "                                       |_|        "
  , ""
  , ":? shows help"
  ]

-- |
-- The quit message.
--
quitMessage :: String
quitMessage = "See ya!"


-- Compilation

-- | Compilation options.
--
options :: P.Options P.Make
options = P.Options False False False Nothing False False False P.MakeOptions

-- |
-- PSCI monad
--
newtype PSCI a = PSCI { runPSCI :: InputT (StateT PSCiState IO) a } deriving (Functor, Applicative, Monad)

psciIO :: IO a -> PSCI a
psciIO io = PSCI . lift $ lift io

newtype Make a = Make { unMake :: ReaderT (P.Options P.Make) (ExceptT P.MultipleErrors IO) a }
  deriving (Functor, Applicative, Monad, MonadIO, MonadError P.MultipleErrors, MonadReader (P.Options P.Make))

runMake :: Make a -> IO (Either P.MultipleErrors a)
runMake = runExceptT . flip runReaderT options . unMake

makeIO :: (IOError -> P.ErrorMessage) -> IO a -> Make a
makeIO f io = do
  e <- liftIO $ tryIOError io
  either (throwError . P.errorMessage . f) return e

instance P.MonadMake Make where
  getTimestamp path = makeIO (const (P.CannotGetFileInfo path)) $ do
    exists <- doesFileExist path
    traverse (const $ getModificationTime path) $ guard exists
  readTextFile path = makeIO (const (P.CannotReadFile path)) $ readFile path
  writeTextFile path text = makeIO (const (P.CannotWriteFile path)) $ do
    mkdirp path
    writeFile path text
  progress s = unless (s == "Compiling $PSCI") $ liftIO . putStrLn $ s

mkdirp :: FilePath -> IO ()
mkdirp = createDirectoryIfMissing True . takeDirectory

-- |
-- Makes a volatile module to execute the current expression.
--
createTemporaryModule :: Bool -> PSCiState -> P.Expr -> P.Module
createTemporaryModule exec PSCiState{psciImportedModules = imports, psciLetBindings = lets} val =
  let
    moduleName = P.ModuleName [P.ProperName "$PSCI"]
    traceModule = P.ModuleName [P.ProperName "Debug", P.ProperName "Trace"]
    trace = P.Var (P.Qualified (Just traceModule) (P.Ident "print"))
    mainValue = P.App trace (P.Var (P.Qualified Nothing (P.Ident "it")))
    itDecl = P.ValueDeclaration (P.Ident "it") P.Value [] $ Right val
    mainDecl = P.ValueDeclaration (P.Ident "main") P.Value [] $ Right mainValue
    decls = if exec then [itDecl, mainDecl] else [itDecl]
  in
    P.Module [] moduleName ((importDecl `map` imports) ++ lets ++ decls) Nothing


-- |
-- Makes a volatile module to hold a non-qualified type synonym for a fully-qualified data type declaration.
--
createTemporaryModuleForKind :: PSCiState -> P.Type -> P.Module
createTemporaryModuleForKind PSCiState{psciImportedModules = imports} typ =
  let
    moduleName = P.ModuleName [P.ProperName "$PSCI"]
    itDecl = P.TypeSynonymDeclaration (P.ProperName "IT") [] typ
  in
    P.Module [] moduleName ((importDecl `map` imports) ++ [itDecl]) Nothing

-- |
-- Makes a volatile module to execute the current imports.
--
createTemporaryModuleForImports :: PSCiState -> P.Module
createTemporaryModuleForImports PSCiState{psciImportedModules = imports} =
  let
    moduleName = P.ModuleName [P.ProperName "$PSCI"]
  in
    P.Module [] moduleName (importDecl `map` imports) Nothing

importDecl :: ImportedModule -> P.Declaration
importDecl (mn, declType, asQ) = P.ImportDeclaration mn declType asQ

modulesDir :: FilePath
modulesDir = ".psci_modules" ++ pathSeparator : "node_modules"

indexFile :: FilePath
indexFile = ".psci_modules" ++ pathSeparator : "index.js"

-- |
-- Takes a value declaration and evaluates it with the current state.
--
handleDeclaration :: P.Expr -> PSCI ()
handleDeclaration val = do
  st <- PSCI $ lift get
  let m = createTemporaryModule True st val
  let nodeArgs = psciNodeFlags st ++ [indexFile]
  e <- psciIO . runMake $ P.make modulesDir (psciLoadedModules st ++ [(Left P.RebuildAlways, m)]) []
  case e of
    Left errs -> printErrors errs
    Right _ -> do
      psciIO $ writeFile indexFile "require('$PSCI').main();"
      process <- psciIO findNodeProcess
      result  <- psciIO $ traverse (\node -> readProcessWithExitCode node nodeArgs "") process
      case result of
        Just (ExitSuccess,   out, _)   -> PSCI $ outputStrLn out
        Just (ExitFailure _, _,   err) -> PSCI $ outputStrLn err
        Nothing                        -> PSCI $ outputStrLn "Couldn't find node.js"

-- |
-- Takes a list of declarations and updates the environment, then run a make. If the declaration fails,
-- restore the original environment.
--
handleDecls :: [P.Declaration] -> PSCI ()
handleDecls ds = do
  st <- PSCI $ lift get
  let st' = updateLets ds st
  let m = createTemporaryModule False st' (P.ObjectLiteral [])
  e <- psciIO . runMake $ P.make modulesDir (psciLoadedModules st' ++ [(Left P.RebuildAlways, m)]) []
  case e of
    Left err -> printErrors err
    Right _ -> PSCI $ lift (put st')

-- |
-- Show actual loaded modules in psci.
--
handleShowLoadedModules :: PSCI ()
handleShowLoadedModules = do
  PSCiState { psciLoadedModules = loadedModules } <- PSCI $ lift get
  psciIO $ readModules loadedModules >>= putStrLn
  return ()
  where readModules = return . unlines . sort . nub . map toModuleName
        toModuleName =  N.runModuleName . (\ (P.Module _ mdName _ _) -> mdName) . snd

-- |
-- Show the imported modules in psci.
--
handleShowImportedModules :: PSCI ()
handleShowImportedModules = do
  PSCiState { psciImportedModules = importedModules } <- PSCI $ lift get
  psciIO $ showModules importedModules >>= putStrLn
  return ()
  where
  showModules = return . unlines . sort . map showModule
  showModule (mn, declType, asQ) =
    "import " ++ case asQ of
      Just mn' -> "qualified " ++ N.runModuleName mn ++ " as " ++ N.runModuleName mn'
      Nothing  -> N.runModuleName mn ++ " " ++ showDeclType declType

  showDeclType P.Implicit = ""
  showDeclType (P.Explicit refs) = refsList refs
  showDeclType (P.Hiding refs) = "hiding " ++ refsList refs
  refsList refs = "(" ++ commaList (map showRef refs) ++ ")"

  showRef :: P.DeclarationRef -> String
  showRef (P.TypeRef pn dctors) = show pn ++ "(" ++ maybe ".." (commaList . map N.runProperName) dctors ++ ")"
  showRef (P.ValueRef ident) = show ident
  showRef (P.TypeClassRef pn) = show pn
  showRef (P.TypeInstanceRef ident) = show ident
  showRef (P.PositionedDeclarationRef _ _ ref) = showRef ref

  commaList :: [String] -> String
  commaList = intercalate ", "

-- |
-- Imports a module, preserving the initial state on failure.
--
handleImport :: ImportedModule -> PSCI ()
handleImport im = do
   st <- updateImportedModules im <$> PSCI (lift get)
   let m = createTemporaryModuleForImports st
   e <- psciIO . runMake $ P.make modulesDir (psciLoadedModules st ++ [(Left P.RebuildAlways, m)]) []
   case e of
     Left errs -> printErrors errs
     Right _  -> do
       PSCI $ lift $ put st
       return ()

-- |
-- Takes a value and prints its type
--
handleTypeOf :: P.Expr -> PSCI ()
handleTypeOf val = do
  st <- PSCI $ lift get
  let m = createTemporaryModule False st val
  e <- psciIO . runMake $ P.make modulesDir (psciLoadedModules st ++ [(Left P.RebuildAlways, m)]) []
  case e of
    Left errs -> printErrors errs
    Right env' ->
      case M.lookup (P.ModuleName [P.ProperName "$PSCI"], P.Ident "it") (P.names env') of
        Just (ty, _, _) -> PSCI . outputStrLn . P.prettyPrintType $ ty
        Nothing -> PSCI $ outputStrLn "Could not find type"

-- |
-- Pretty print a module's signatures
--
printModuleSignatures :: P.ModuleName -> P.Environment -> PSCI ()
printModuleSignatures moduleName env =
  PSCI $ let namesEnv = P.names env
             moduleNamesIdent = (filter ((== moduleName) . fst) . M.keys) namesEnv
             in case moduleNamesIdent of
                  [] -> outputStrLn $ "This module '"++ P.runModuleName moduleName ++"' does not export functions."
                  _ -> ( outputStrLn
                       . unlines
                       . sort
                       . map (showType . findType namesEnv)) moduleNamesIdent
  where findType :: M.Map (P.ModuleName, P.Ident) (P.Type, P.NameKind, P.NameVisibility) -> (P.ModuleName, P.Ident) -> (P.Ident, Maybe (P.Type, P.NameKind, P.NameVisibility))
        findType envNames m@(_, mIdent) = (mIdent, M.lookup m envNames)
        showType :: (P.Ident, Maybe (P.Type, P.NameKind, P.NameVisibility)) -> String
        showType (mIdent, Just (mType, _, _)) = show mIdent ++ " :: " ++ P.prettyPrintType mType
        showType _ = error "The impossible happened in printModuleSignatures."

-- |
-- Browse a module and displays its signature (if module exists).
--
handleBrowse :: P.ModuleName -> PSCI ()
handleBrowse moduleName = do
  st <- PSCI $ lift get
  let loadedModules = psciLoadedModules st
  env <- psciIO . runMake $ P.make modulesDir loadedModules []
  case env of
    Left errs -> printErrors errs
    Right env' ->
      if moduleName `notElem` (nub . map ((\ (P.Module _ modName _ _ ) -> modName) . snd)) loadedModules
        then PSCI $ outputStrLn $ "Module '" ++ N.runModuleName moduleName ++ "' is not valid."
        else printModuleSignatures moduleName env'

-- | Pretty-print errors
printErrors :: P.MultipleErrors -> PSCI ()
printErrors = PSCI . outputStrLn . P.prettyPrintMultipleErrors False

-- |
-- Takes a value and prints its kind
--
handleKindOf :: P.Type -> PSCI ()
handleKindOf typ = do
  st <- PSCI $ lift get
  let m = createTemporaryModuleForKind st typ
      mName = P.ModuleName [P.ProperName "$PSCI"]
  e <- psciIO . runMake $ P.make modulesDir (psciLoadedModules st ++ [(Left P.RebuildAlways, m)]) []
  case e of
    Left errs -> printErrors errs
    Right env' ->
      case M.lookup (P.Qualified (Just mName) $ P.ProperName "IT") (P.typeSynonyms env') of
        Just (_, typ') -> do
          let chk = P.CheckState env' 0 0 (Just mName)
              k   = L.runStateT (P.unCheck (P.kindOf mName typ')) chk
          case k of
            Left errStack   -> PSCI . outputStrLn . P.prettyPrintMultipleErrors False $ errStack
            Right (kind, _) -> PSCI . outputStrLn . P.prettyPrintKind $ kind
        Nothing -> PSCI $ outputStrLn "Could not find kind"

-- Commands

-- |
-- Parses the input and returns either a Metacommand, or an error as a string.
--
getCommand :: Bool -> InputT (StateT PSCiState IO) (Either String (Maybe Command))
getCommand singleLineMode = do
  firstLine <- getInputLine "> "
  case firstLine of
    Nothing -> return (Right Nothing)
    Just "" -> return (Right Nothing)
    Just s | singleLineMode || head s == ':' -> return . either Left (Right . Just) $ parseCommand s
    Just s -> either Left (Right . Just) . parseCommand <$> go [s]
  where
    go :: [String] -> InputT (StateT PSCiState IO) String
    go ls = maybe (return . unlines $ reverse ls) (go . (:ls)) =<< getInputLine "  "

-- |
-- Performs an action for each meta-command given, and also for expressions.
--
handleCommand :: Command -> PSCI ()
handleCommand (Expression val) = handleDeclaration val
handleCommand ShowHelp = PSCI $ outputStrLn helpMessage
handleCommand (Import im) = handleImport im
handleCommand (Decls l) = handleDecls l
handleCommand (LoadFile filePath) = do
  absPath <- psciIO $ expandTilde filePath
  exists <- psciIO $ doesFileExist absPath
  if exists then do
    PSCI . lift $ modify (updateImportedFiles absPath)
    m <- psciIO $ loadModule absPath
    case m of
      Left err -> PSCI $ outputStrLn err
      Right mods -> PSCI . lift $ modify (updateModules (map ((,) (Right absPath)) mods))
  else
    PSCI . outputStrLn $ "Couldn't locate: " ++ filePath
handleCommand ResetState = do
  files <- psciImportedFilenames <$> PSCI (lift get)
  PSCI . lift . modify $ \st -> st
    { psciImportedFilenames   = files
    , psciImportedModules     = defaultImports
    , psciLetBindings         = []
    }
  loadAllImportedModules
handleCommand (TypeOf val) = handleTypeOf val
handleCommand (KindOf typ) = handleKindOf typ
handleCommand (BrowseModule moduleName) = handleBrowse moduleName
handleCommand (ShowInfo QueryLoaded) = handleShowLoadedModules
handleCommand (ShowInfo QueryImport) = handleShowImportedModules
handleCommand QuitPSCi = error "`handleCommand QuitPSCi` was called. This is a bug."

loadUserConfig :: IO (Maybe [Command])
loadUserConfig = do
  configFile <- (</> ".psci") <$> getCurrentDirectory
  exists <- doesFileExist configFile
  if exists
  then do
    ls <- lines <$> readFile configFile
    case mapM parseCommand ls of
      Left err -> print err >> exitFailure
      Right cs -> return $ Just cs
  else
    return Nothing

-- |
-- The PSCI main loop.
--
loop :: PSCiOptions -> IO ()
loop PSCiOptions{..} = do
  config <- loadUserConfig
  modulesOrFirstError <- loadAllModules psciInputFile
  case modulesOrFirstError of
    Left err -> print err >> exitFailure
    Right modules -> do
      historyFilename <- getHistoryFilename
      let settings = defaultSettings { historyFile = Just historyFilename }
      flip evalStateT (PSCiState psciInputFile defaultImports modules [] psciInputNodeFlags) . runInputT (setComplete completion settings) $ do
        outputStrLn prologueMessage
        traverse_ (mapM_ (runPSCI . handleCommand)) config
        go
      where
        go :: InputT (StateT PSCiState IO) ()
        go = do
          c <- getCommand (not psciMultiLineMode)
          case c of
            Left err -> outputStrLn err >> go
            Right Nothing -> go
            Right (Just QuitPSCi) -> outputStrLn quitMessage
            Right (Just c') -> runPSCI (loadAllImportedModules >> handleCommand c') >> go

multiLineMode :: Parser Bool
multiLineMode = switch $
     long "multi-line-mode"
  <> short 'm'
  <> Opts.help "Run in multi-line mode (use ^D to terminate commands)"

inputFile :: Parser FilePath
inputFile = strArgument $
     metavar "FILE"
  <> Opts.help "Optional .purs files to load on start"

nodeFlagsFlag :: Parser [String]
nodeFlagsFlag = option parser $
     long "node-opts"
  <> metavar "NODE_OPTS"
  <> value []
  <> Opts.help "Flags to pass to node, separated by spaces"
  where
    parser = words <$> str

psciOptions :: Parser PSCiOptions
psciOptions = PSCiOptions <$> multiLineMode
                          <*> many inputFile
                          <*> nodeFlagsFlag

runPSCi :: IO ()
runPSCi = execParser opts >>= loop
  where
  opts        = info (version <*> helper <*> psciOptions) infoModList
  infoModList = fullDesc <> headerInfo <> footerInfo
  headerInfo  = header   "psci - Interactive mode for PureScript"
  footerInfo  = footer $ "psci " ++ showVersion Paths.version

  version :: Parser (a -> a)
  version = abortOption (InfoMsg (showVersion Paths.version)) $ long "version" <> Opts.help "Show the version number" <> hidden